Friday, June 21, 2024

A Comprehensive Guide to Understanding Different Types of Driver’s Licenses

A driving license online is a government-issued document that validates a person’s eligibility to operate a motor vehicle on public roadways (1). It is a legislative obligation that assures road safety and adherence to traffic regulations. Without a valid driver’s license, a person is not permitted to drive on public roads and, if detected, may face legal consequences.


The government of India issues numerous types of driver’s licenses based on the type of vehicle and purpose of use. The following are the most popular types of licenses: (2):


Learner’s license – This is a form of license that is provided to people who are learning to drive a car.

It is good for six months and can be extended for an additional six months.


Permanent Driving Licence – This is the license required for automobile drivers and those who have completed their learner’s licence period and passed their driving test. It has a validity period of 20 years from the date of issuance.Β 


Commercial Driver’s License – This license is given to anyone who wants to drive commercial vehicles like buses, taxis, and trucks. This license is required to drive any commercial vehicle on public roads.


International Driving Permit – This permit is provided to Indian people who want to drive in other nations. It is good for one year and is renewable.


There are others besides these. They have specialized driving license categories for specific uses, such as vehicles, hazardous materials, and large vehicles. To avoid legal repercussions and promote road safety, every individual who desires to drive on public roads in India must obtain a valid driving license. Let us delve into the various types of licenses available in India.


Learner’s PermitΒ 

A learner’s licence is a sort of temporary driving license granted by the Regional Transport Office (RTO) that allows a person to learn to drive a motor vehicle on public highways while subject to certain restrictions and requirements.

Criteria for obtaining a learner’s permit:Β 

For a two-wheeler with an engine size of up to 50 ccs, the applicant must be at least 16 years old, and 18 years old for a four-wheeler.

for other cars.


Legitimate evidence of age and address, such as a passport, PAN card, or Aadhaar card, must be presented by the applicant.


The candidate must pass a written test on traffic rules, road signs, and driving regulations administered by the RTO.

Learner Licence Application Procedure

To apply for a Learner’s licence, first, go to the website of your state’s transportation agency or the RTO website.Β 


Check to see if you can apply for a Learner’s permit online. If it does, carefully follow the instructions, which may include entering personal information such as your father’s name, address proof, Aadhaar card number, district, and postal code. You may also be required to submit scanned copies of before submitting the application form, please verify your age and address.


Some state RTOs may let you choose a Learner’s license test slot and pay online, or you may receive a receipt in the mail that you must exhibit at the test location.Β 


Furthermore, some websites may let you download the application form, which you must bring with you to the RTO when taking the test. When you go to the RTO for the test, remember to bring the original copies of any required paperwork.


Finally, show up at the RTO or Learner’s licence test center at the time window you’ve selected to take the test.

In India, a learner’s permit is required.

is valid for six months after it is issued. If necessary, it can be extended for another six months.


Individuals with a learner’s permit must adhere to the following restrictions:

The learner’s licence holder must always be accompanied by a driver with a valid license and at least three years of driving experience.


The learner’s permit holder cannot drive alone or transport people.


To signify that the driver is a learner, the learner must display the ‘L’ sign on the vehicle.


The holder of a learner’s permit is not permitted to drive on highways or expressways.


Permanent Driving Permit

A permanent driving license is a legal document granted by the Regional Transport Office (RTO) that attests to the holder’s ability to drive.

The ability of a person to operate a motor vehicle on public highways. It is valid for a set amount of time and must be renewed to operate a motor vehicle on public highways in India.


The applicant must have held a valid learner’s license for at least 30 days from the date of issuance to be eligible for a permanent driving license.


The candidate must have either completed a driving training course at a certified driving school or have sufficient driving experience.


The applicant must pass an RTO-conducted driving test on a vehicle of the same class as the license requested.


For a private car, the applicant must be at least 18 years old, and for a commercial vehicle, the applicant must be at least 20 years old.


To apply for a permanent driving license in India, an individual must first complete the following steps:

Get a permanent driving license application form at the RTO or download one from the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways’ (MoRTH) website.


Fill out the application form with your personal information, educational qualifications, driving experience, and the type of vehicle for which you want the license.


Submit the application form to the local RTO along with the needed documents, such as proof of age and address, learner’s license, driving training certificate, and the prescribed fee.


Set a driving test date and time, and then show up to the designated RTO.


If the candidate passes the driving test, the permanent license will be granted on the

On the same day or within a few days.


Private driving licenses are valid for 20 years from the date they are issued, or until the age of 40, whichever comes first. When you reach the age of 40, you will be issued a ten-year driver’s license. It will thereafter be renewed every five years.


Individuals in India must take the following actions to renew their permanent driving license:

Fill out the renewal application form at your nearest RTO.


Submit the form along with the necessary documents, such as evidence of age and address, an original driver’s license, and the prescribed fee.


If the RTO requires it, take a driving test.


If the renewal application is granted, the renewed permanent driver’s license will be issued.

will be issued the same day or within a few days.


Commercial Driving Permit

A commercial driving license (CDL) is a legal document given by the Regional Transport Office (RTO) that authorizes someone to drive commercial vehicles for hire or reward on public highways, such as buses, lorries, and taxis.


Criteria for obtaining a commercial driver’s license:

A valid learner’s license must be held by the applicant for at least 30 days from the date of issuance.


The applicant must be over the age of 18.


The applicant must have completed a driving training course from a reputable driving school or have sufficient driving experience.


The applicant must pass a driving test administered by the RTO on a vehicle of the same class for which they are applying.

The license is being sought.


For some categories of automobiles, the candidate must have a minimum educational qualification of the eighth standard.


A commercial driver’s license is valid for the following types of vehicles:

Goods vehicles weighing more than 7,500 kg (gross vehicle weight).


Vehicles with a seating capacity of more than eight people, including the driver.


Vehicles transporting dangerous items.


Tractors that tow trailers.


A commercial driving license is valid in India for three years from the date of issuance, subject to renewal.


Commercial driving license application process: To apply for a commercial driving license, you must first log in to the driving licence portal.

After logging in, download Form 4 for a commercial driver’s license is required.Β 


Fill out the form with your personal information and upload it together with the appropriate papers, such as your passport, voter ID, or Aadhaar card.


You must also upload Form 1A for a medical certificate and Form 5 from the training center.


Β After completing the forms and uploading the relevant papers, pay the fees and apply.


You will receive a serial number on your registered mobile number if your submission is successful. Remember to arrive at the training center on the scheduled date to take the driving test.


International Driver’s License

The International Driving Permit (IDP) is a legal document that allows a person to drive in a foreign country. It is used as a translation of the driver’s license into several languages that is recognized by over 150 nations worldwide.


Criteria for obtaining an international driving permit:

The candidate must be at least 18 years old to be eligible for an IDP.Β 


Possess a valid driver’s license from their own country.Β 


Furthermore, the driver’s license must be valid for at least six months from the date of application for the IDP.


To obtain an International Driving Permit, you must first have a valid Indian driving license and reside in India. You can apply for it by completing Form 4A or writing a letter to the Regional Transport Office (RTO) that covers your area. You must include in your application the countries you intend to visit and how long you intend to spend in each.


An International Driving Permit (IDP) is valid for one year from the date of issuing or until the original driver’s license expires, whichever comes first. In other words, if the original driver’s license expires before the IDP, the IDP will be deemed invalid as well.


Restrictions include the type of vehicle that can be driven and the driver’s age.Β 


The IDP does not let the driver drive in countries where their original license is not recognized, or in countries where the driver is not qualified to drive due to age or vehicle type.


The nations in which an IDP is applicable vary, and For a complete list of countries where an IDP is recognized, check with the country’s embassy or the authorized body in the applicant’s place of origin.


Renewal of a Driver’s License (4)

Renewing a driver’s license assures that the license holder has the essential skills and knowledge to continue driving safely on the roads.Β 


Depending on the type of license, the method for renewing it differs. Renewal of a basic driver’s license normally entails filling out a renewal form and presenting confirmation of identity and domicile. A medical examination or vision test may also be required in some situations.


The renewal process for commercial driver’s licenses is more stringent and may include additional tests, such as a road test. Depending on the type of license, a driving test may be required. Renewal of commercial driver’s licenses typically entails submitting a renewal form, as well as a medical certificate and proof of identity and domicile.


Driving with an expired license can result in fines or penalties, and it can also have an impact on the driver’s insurance coverage. To avoid legal or financial consequences, it is critical to renew the driver’s license before it expires. Furthermore, if involved in a collision while driving with an expired license, the driver may be held accountable for any damages or injuries sustained.



In India, there are several sorts of driving licenses, including learner’s licenses, permanent driving license online apply, and commercial driving licenses. Each license has its own set of eligibility requirements and renewal process. To protect the safety of oneself and others on the road, it is critical to follow traffic rules and regulations while driving. To prevent accidents and guarantee smooth traffic flow, traffic laws and regulations are in place. Violations of these rules and regulations may result in fines, legal action, or possibly an accident.


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