Wednesday, April 17, 2024


A kidney function test, also known as a renal function test (RFT) or kidney function test (KFT), is a group of blood and urine tests that evaluate how well the kidneys are functioning. These tests are crucial in diagnosing and monitoring kidney diseases, assessing overall health, and guiding treatment plans. Kidney Function Test (KFT/RFT 1): The key components of a typical kidney function test include serum creatinine, which measures the level of creatinine in the blood. Creatinine is a waste product produced by muscle metabolism and is filtered out by the kidneys. Elevated levels may indicate impaired kidney function. Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) measures the amount of nitrogen in the blood that comes from urea, a waste product of protein metabolism. Elevated levels can indicate kidney problems or other conditions affecting protein metabolism. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is calculated using creatinine levels, age, gender, and other factors. It estimates how much blood passes through the glomeruli (tiny filters in the kidneys) each minute.

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